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Sabal minor (Jacq. ) Pers.
DWARF PALMETTO
Bush Palmetto

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Arecaceae   Sabal

Sabal minor
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Sabal minor

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Sabal minor
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor

Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor
Sabal minor
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sabal minor

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Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers.
dwarf palmetto

Image of Sabal minor

General Information
Symbol: SAMI8
Group: Monocot
Family: Arecaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sabal thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, TX. Usage Requirements .

R.K. Winters. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, St. Bernard Parish. 1933. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Bruce Sorrie. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
COMI9 Corypha minor Jacq.
SAAD3 Sabal adansonii Guersent
SADE9 Sabal deeringiana Small
SAGL13 Sabal glabra Sarg., non Mill.
SALO14 Sabal louisiana (Darby) Bomhard

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arecales
Family Arecaceae ⁄ Palmae – Palm family
Genus Sabal Adans. – palmetto
Species Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. – dwarf palmetto

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SAMI8)
Flora of North America (SAMI8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COMI9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAAD3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SADE9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAGL13)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALO14)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAMI8)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SAMI8)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SAMI8)
Native Plants Network (SAMI8)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SAMI8)
Related Websites
Arboles ornamentales (En Espanol) (SAMI8)
FL-Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Palms (SAMI8)
FL-Floridata (SAMI8)
FL-University of Florida Extenstion Service (SAMI8)
Forestry Images (SAMI8)
LA-LSU Horticulture (SAMI8)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems and Plant Identification (SAMI8)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (SAMI8)
NC-Wetland Plant Identification (NCSU) (SAMI8)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (SAMI8)
TX-Image Archive of Central Texas Plants (SAMI8)
TX-Palmetto State Park (SAMI8)
TX-Texas Native Plant Database (SAMI8)
VA-VTree ID (SAMI8)
http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/floraok (SAMI8)
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/content/2011/f/pt00027p025.pdf (SAMI8)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Minor Minor
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate Moderate
Yarrow

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Arecaceae | Sabal

4. Sabal minor (Jacquin) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 399. 1805.

Dwarf palmetto, little blue stem, latanier

Corypha minor Jacquin, Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 8, plate 8. 1776; Chamaerops acaulis Michaux; C. louisiana W. Darby; Corypha pumila Walter; Sabal adansonii Guersent; S.abal adiantinum Rafinesque; S. deeringiana Small; S. louisiana (W. Darby) Bomhard; S. pumila (Walter) Elliott

Stems usually subterranean. Leaves 4--10, dark green, weakly costapalmate, little if at all curved, not bearing fibers between segments; hastula obtuse, 0.8--4.7 cm; segments not filiferous, 34--—84 ´ 1.4--3.7 cm; apices weakly if at all bifid2-cleft. Inflorescences sparsely branched with 2 orders of branching (not counting main inflorescence axis), erect, much longer than leaves. Flowers 3.5--5.2 mm. Fruits brownish black, spheroid, length 6.2--8.5 mm, diam. 6.4--9.7 mm; pericarp thin. Seeds 3.5--5.1 mm, diam. 4.4--6.9 mm diam. 2n = 36.

Flowering spring--summer. Mesic hammocks, floodplains, levees, river banks, swamps, but occurring on much drier sites in west-central Tex.; ca. 10--600 m; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex.; Mexico.

Previously thought to be endemic to the United States, this species was only recently found in Nuevo León, Mexico (D. H. Goldman 1999).

Sabal minor is usually a small palm with a subterranean trunk; however, one can find individuals with larger features and well-developed aerial stems. In Louisiana, these individuals were recognized as separate species (J. K. Small 1929; M. L. Bomhard 1935), but more recently they have been treated as merely ecological variants of a single widespread species (A. Henderson et al. 1995; P. F. Ramp and L. B. Thien 1995; S. Zona 1990). Large emergent forms of S. minor were even thought by B. J. Simpson (1988) to be hybrids of that species with S. palmetto, but his claim is undocumented and unsubstantiated.

An unusual habitat for this species, a dry hillside in central Texas, was illustrated by L. Lockett (1991).

SELECTED REFERENCES

Bomhard, M. L. 1935. Sabal louisiana, the correct name for the polymorphic palmetto of Louisiana. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 25: 35--44. Goldman, D. H. 1999. Distribution update: Sabal minor in Mexico. Palms 43: 40--44. Ramp, P. F. 1989. Natural History of Sabal minor: Demography, Population Genetics and Reproductive Ecology. Ph.D. dissertation. Tulane University. Ramp, P. F. and L. B. Thien. 1995. A taxonomic history and reexamination of Sabal minor in the Mississippi Valley. Principes 39: 77--83. Small, J. K. 1929. Palmetto-with-a-stem---Sabal deeringiana. J. New York Bot. Gard. 30: 278--284.

Updated: 2017-05-30 13:01:35 gmt
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