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Claytonia virginica L.
VIRGINIA SPRINGBEAUTY
Eastern spring beauty; Virginia spring beauty

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Portulacaceae   Claytonia

Claytonia virginica, Spring Beauty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Claytonia virginica, Spring Beauty

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Claytonia virginica, Spring beauty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Claytonia virginica, Spring beauty
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
Overview
The leaves of Claytonia virginica, usually one pair per stem, may be more that 8 times as long as wide, shaped like a blade of grass but with a petiole (leaf stalk), though it is not clearly defined. The leaf veins are difficult to see. The flowers have 5 white petals with pink veins guiding to the center of the flower. The stamens have white filaments and pink anthers.

Identification
The easiest way to distinguish this plant from Claytonia caroliniana is to look at the leaves. C. virginica has long, narrow leaves while C. caroliniana has broad, oval leaves.

Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has been reported on the Trout Lily Trail.

References
Horn, Dennis and Tavia Cathcart. Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians: The Official Field Guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society. Lone Pine Publishing, 2005.

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena barbara @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Andrena erigeniae @ CUIC_ENT (1); I_JSA (2)

Andrena forbesii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Nomada imbricata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum bruneri @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ I_JSA (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia sandhouseae @ BBSL (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora claytoniae @ BPI (5)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma claytoniana @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia claytoniata @ 057290A (1); BPI (18); 057290B (1)

Puccinia mariae-wilsoniae @ 083280B (1); 083310A (1); 083310B (1); BPI (147); 083280A (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium claytoniatum @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica Narrowleaf Springbeauty
Portulacaceae — Purslane family
Native
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2001 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
April 2005 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
The fern is christmas fern . Red Clay Creek
May 2011 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
The yellow color is very unusual. Variations in the number of petals are more common, as shown below. Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2009 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Four petals and four stamens . Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
A normal flower with five petals and five stamens . The style would be three-lobed when mature. Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2009 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Six petals and six stamens . Only one stamen appears to be fully developed. White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Seven petals, at first glance, but perhap actually five, two of which are two-lobed. Only three stamens . This shows the fully developed three-lobed style. White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Eight petals and eight stamens . White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Looks like a lot of petals, but the one at lower left on the middle flower is clearly three-lobed. I think there are actually just five petals. White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
April 2010 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Looks like two flowers grown together, with two pistils , nine stamens , nine petals...
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
...and three sepals. (Two is normal.) White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2015 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
A normal flower with two sepals. Woodlawn Tract
April 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Claytonia virginica L. - Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica plant

Family - Portulacaceae

Stems - To 30cm tall, typically erect, herbaceous, subsucculent, glabrous, herbaceous, from a corm.

Leaves - Cauline leaves opposite, linear, glabrous, to +10cm long, typically 2-5mm broad, with single midrib, sessile, entire.

Claytonia virginica leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal raceme. Buds nodding, erect in flower. Pedicels to 3cm long, glabrous. Inflorescence subtended by single sessile ovate bract. Bract entire, to 5mm long, 4mm broad, glabrous, green.

Claytonia virginica inflorescence

Flowers - Petals 5, obovate, to +1cm long, +5mm broad, entire, glabrous, rounded at apex, white with pink veins or pinkish with darker veins. Stamens 3-5, erect. Filaments pinkish, glabrous, expanded at base and surrounding ovary, 4mm long. Anthers pink, +1mm long. Ovary obovoid, green, glabrous, 1.6mm long, 1.2mm broad, sub 3-sided, unilocular. Styles 3, united below, to 4mm long, free in the apical 1mm or so, pinkish at apex. Sepals 2, green, to 7mm long 4mm broad, lance-ovate, glabrous, acute. Capsules to 4mm long, glabrous, 3-valved.

Claytonia virginica sepals Sepals.

Claytonia virginica flower

Claytonia virginica flower Pinkish flower.

Flowering - February - May.

Habitat - Dry open woods, glades, slopes, prairies, low woods.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This little plant is one of the earliest bloomers in spring. The flowering period is actually quite long for such an early plant. The plant is easy to ID in the field because of its distinctive flowers and its thin opposite cauline leaves. Apparently the species is edible and fairly tasty but I have never eaten it.

Photographs taken in Umstead State Park, NC., 3-23-03 and at Rock Hill Park, Boone County, MO., 3-27-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Claytonia virginica L.
Virginia springbeauty

Image of Claytonia virginica

General Information
Symbol: CLVI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Portulacaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Claytonia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Jose Hernandez. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United Kingdom, England, Ipswich. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 37. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Portulacaceae – Purslane family
Genus Claytonia L. – springbeauty
Species Claytonia virginica L. – Virginia springbeauty

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Claytonia virginica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
acutiflora</i>
DC.
Claytonia virginica var. acutiflora
Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
hammondiae</i>
(Kalmbacher) Doyle, W.H. Lewis & Snyder
Claytonia virginica var. hammondiae
Hammond's claytonia Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica </i>
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica</i>
f. <i>
lutea</i>
R.J. Davis
Claytonia virginica var. virginica f. lutea
yellow Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica</i>
f. <i>
virginica </i>
Claytonia virginica var. virginica f. virginica
Virginia springbeauty

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Massachusetts narrow-leaved spring beauty Endangered
Rhode Island meadow beauty Historical

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CLVI3)
CalPhotos (CLVI3)
Flora of North America (CLVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CLVI3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CLVI3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CLVI3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CLVI3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CLVI3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CLVI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 466, 475 , 476 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Portulacaceae | Claytonia

24. Claytonia virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 204. 1753.

Eastern spring beauty

Claytonia virginica var. hammondiae (Kalmbacher) J. J. Doyle, W. H. Lewis & D. B. Snyder

Plants perennial, with globose tubers 10-200 mm diam.; periderm 0-0.5 mm. Stems 5-40 cm. Leaves: basal leaves petiolate 6-20 cm, blade linear, 3-14 × 0.5-1.3 cm; cauline leaves sessile, blade linear, 1-10 cm, tapered to slender base. Inflorescences 1-bracteate, rarely with 2 or more bracts; bracts reduced apically, scalelike. Flowers 5-12 mm diam.; sepals 5-7 mm; petals white to pinkish or rose (rarely yellow or orange) or white with pink-lavender candy-stripes, 7-14 mm; ovules 6. Seeds 2-3 mm diam., shiny and smooth; elaisome 1-2 mm. 2 n = 12-190.

Flowering Mar-Apr. Wetlands, seeps, moist woods, riparian hardwood forests, copses, bluffs, ravines, prairies; 0-1000 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Lewis, W. H. and J. C. Semple. 1977. Geography of Claytonia virginica cytotypes. Amer. J. Bot. 64: 1078-1082. Rothwell, N. V. 1959. Aneuploidy in Claytonia virginica . Amer. J. Bot. 46: 353-360.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Claytonia virginica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0748 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0749 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1792 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1793 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1794 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1694 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1695 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1696 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1697 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1698 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1699 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1700 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1701 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1702 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1703 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1704 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1705 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1512 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1513 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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